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    Oil, coal and natural gas are fossil fuels that are produced from dead organisms buried for hundreds of years and subjected to intense heat from the Earth’s core.

    Energy Globe

VIDEO: Our Energy Future

DIFFERENT TYPES OF ENERGY

Oil

Also known as petroleum, this is a form of fossil fuel formed by the remains of animals and plants from millions of years ago. Crude oil found underground is refined into diesel, gasoline and jet fuel.

Oil ENergy

Natural Gas

Natural gas contains less carbon than other fossil fuels and is less harmful to the environment. Most of the electricity in Singapore is generated by using natural gas.

Natural Gas

Coal

In the form of blackish rock found underground, coal is formed like all fossil fuels from the remains of animals and plants from millions of years ago. It is burnt to produce electricity.

Coal

Biomass

This is organic material from plants and animals often burned to produce energy. It is a renewable energy source because trees and crops can be regrown.

Biomass

Geothermal Energy

This is heat from the Earth's core, which finds its way to the surface through cracks within the planet's crust. Electricity can be produced by using the steam from geothermal reservoirs.

Geothermal energy

Hydro Energy

Using barges or dams, the kinetic energy from moving water is tapped on to move electric generators to create power.

Hydro Energy

Nuclear Energy

This is produced by splitting a tiny atom, usually in a fuel called uranium. The reaction produces a tremendous amount of heat, which can be used to turn turbines and produce electricity.

Nuclear energy

Solar Energy

This taps on the light and heat from the sun to generate electricity that powers homes and offices.

Solar Energy

Wind Energy

In countries where there are strong winds, turbines are set up to harness wind power. The turbines in turn power generators that produce the electricity.

Wind Energy
 

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